Today we are going to read about the Battle of Ghaghra. This war was fought between Babur and the Afghans in 1529 AD. This war was fought just after the Panipat war (1526) and the Khanwa war (1527). Ghaghra is in Bihar, which is named after the river Ghaghra flowing in Bihar.Battle of Ghagra After establishing his influence over the Rajputs in the Khanwa war, Babur again turned his attention to the Afghan rebels. Firmuli and Nohani Sardar still did not fully accept Babur's authority. He was always revolting something or the other. While Babur was busy with the Chanderi campaign, the Afghans revolted in Awadh. He was planning the Agra conquest with the help of the Afghan ruler of Bihar by taking over Shamsabad and Kannauj. Sultan Nusrat Shah of Bengal was also providing assistance to Afghan rebels. The Afghans were greatly encouraged by this. Babur no longer wanted to give more opportunity to Afghans. Hence, after the Chanderi victory, he focused his attention on the Afghans.
War of Ghaghra
Babur moved from Chanderi towards Awadh. On hearing the news of his arrival, the Afghan leader Bibbon fled to Bengal. Babur took control of Lucknow. Here in Bihar, Afghans were organizing themselves under the leadership of Mahmud Lodi. He was also getting help from the Sultan of Bengal. The Afghans surrounded the fort of Chunar, proceeding from Banaras. Babar quickly moved towards Bihar after getting information about these incidents. Afraid of hearing of his arrival, the Afghans fled the circle of Chunar. Babur instructed not to give shelter to Mahmud Lodi, but his proposal was turned down by Nusrat Shah. As a result, on 6 May 1529, Babur and the Afghans encountered near Ghaghra. The Afghans were badly defeated in this war. Mahmud Lodi fled and took refuge in Bengal. Nusrat Shah signed a treaty with Babur. Both sides pledged not to attack each other and not to give shelter to each other's enemies. Mahmud Lodi was given a jagir in Bengal itself. With the efforts of Sher Khan, Babur allowed the ruler of Bihar, Jalaluddin, to take over certain parts of the state and accept his subjugation and remain as administrator. Thus, after the Battle of Ghaghra, the power of the Afghans was completely curbed for a short time.
Final battle of Ghagra
The Battle of Ghaghra was the last war of Babur in India. As a result of the wars fought in India, Babur became the lord of a large state. His kingdom was spread from Indus to Bihar and Himalaya to Gwalior and Chanderi. He established the power of the Mughals in India. Most of Babur's time in India was spent fighting. Therefore, he could never pay attention to the administrative system. At the last moment he wanted to go to Kabul. He even went to Lahore, but due to Humayun's illness, he had to come back to Agra. Babur's health was also deteriorating continuously. Conspiracies were also happening in the palace. In such a situation, on 23 December 1530, Babur nominated Humayun as his successor. Babar died in Agra on 26 December 1530.