Biography Of Samrat Ashoka | My Experiences
Biography of Samrat AshokaBiography of Samrat AshokaAshoka was the son of Bindusara, in the Buddhist text Deepvansh, there are 16 wives and 101 sons of Bindusara. Ashoka's mother's name was Shubhadagri. Bindusara arranged for the best education for all his sons. But Ashoka was the best and most intelligent among them all. Bindusara appointed Ashoka as the Subedar of Ujjain for administrative education. Ashok was very intelligent since childhood. Ashoka is counted among the greatest rulers of the world.
Early life of Samrat Ashoka:Bindusara sent Ashoka to Taxila. Ashoka succeeded in establishing peace there. Ashoka became successful in administrative work during his father's reign. When 273 BC When Bindusar fell ill, Ashok was the Subedar of Ujjain. On hearing the news of his father's illness, he left for Pataliputra, but on the way Ashoka got the news of the death of his father Bindusara. On reaching Pataliputra, he faced those who did not like him.
Ashoka was also far from succession due to not being crown prince. But Ashoka's merit indicated that Ashoka was the better heir. Many people were also in favor of Ashoka. Therefore, with his help and after four years of hard struggle, 269 BC. Ashoka was formally enthroned.
Emperor Ashoka was fond of hunting since childhood and had become perfect in it while playing. When he grew up, he started helping his father in the affairs of the empire and whenever he did any work, he took full care of his subjects, that is why his subjects started liking him. Seeing all these qualities, his father Bindusara declared him emperor at an early age. He first took the reign of Ujjain, Ujjain was the center of knowledge and art and the capital of Avanti.
When he assumed the reign of Avanti, he emerged as a skilled diplomat. At the same time, she married Shakya Kumari, the princess of Vidisha. Shakya Kumari was very beautiful to watch. After marriage to Shakya Kumari, his son Mahendra and daughter Sanghamitra were born. Ashok was a very humanist. He used to work night and day for the good of the public. He was aware of what happened in any part of the vast empire. How much faith was there for religion, it can be estimated from this that he himself did not eat anything without feeding a thousand Brahmins, Kalinga war was the last war of Ashoka's life, which changed his life.
Ashoka seized the rule of Magadha, but there were many obstacles present in his coronation, which Ashok fought back firmly. Four years after the death of Maharaja Bindusara, Ashoka was crowned with great pomp. As soon as he became king, he used to donate to thousands of Brahmins like his father, and continued to practice religiously and religiously. The order of this state had all the qualities of Chandragupta Maurya's merit, Chanakya's policy and Bindusara's good management.
An extremely important event took place in the eighth year of the coronation, which changed not only Ashoka's life but also the history of India. Ashoka was now an officer of a large state by his skill. He was not afraid of enemies. The kingdom had an empire of peace everywhere, but Ashoka kept a powerful small-state independent kingdom away from his capital. The name of this state was Kalinga. He was once under the Nanda Empire before, but was liberated from that subordination by his power.
Many states had accepted the subjugation of Magadha due to Ashoka's valor, military force and policy skills, but Kalinga did not accept the subjugation of Magadha. Even Bindusara did not think it appropriate to tease Kalinga during his invasion of the south. He must have surrounded the three regions of Kalinga by conquering it. Ashoka decided to conquer this powerful Kalinga growing daily.
Ashoka and Kalinga fierce battle started. In which Kalinga was defeated, which no emperor had done before this nor could he do. At that time, the Mauryan Empire was considered to be the largest Indian empire till then. Emperor Ashoka was known for his efficient and better administration and propagation of Buddhism from his vast empire. The Kalinga-Ashoka war caused more than 100,000 deaths and more than 150,000 injuries.
The heavy bloodshed in this war shook him. He thought that all this is the result of greed and vowed never to fight again in life. He embraced Buddhism and became a priest of non-violence. He built pillars and stupas for the promotion of Buddhism throughout the country. Weighs of monks were sent for the expansion of Buddhism abroad. In order to propagate the Buddha, he installed statues of Lord Gautama Buddha in his kingdom. And went on developing the Buddha religion.
Reign of Samrat Ashoka :Ashoka is considered a fearless, but very merciless king. He was deputed to stop the riots in Avanti province. He was appointed Viceroy of Avanti Province in 286 BC after suppressing the rebellion in Ujjain. Father Bindusara helped Ashoka to help his successor son Susim in a rebellion suppression. Ashoka was also successful in this and for this reason he also became Viceroy of Taksila. 272 In the past, Ashoka's father Bindusara died, followed by a fierce battle between Ashoka and his half brothers for two years.
Two Buddhist texts; According to Dipavasana and Mahavasana, Ashoka killed 99 of his brothers to occupy the throne and only left Vittashok. At the same time, Ashoka ascended the throne in 272 BC, but he was crowned in 269 BC and became the third emperor of the Maurya Empire. During his reign, he fought for 8 consecutive years to extend his empire to all the subcontinent of India.
It is said that in South Asia and Central Asia, Ashoka built a total of 84000 stupas to store the remains of Lord Buddha. His "Ashoka Chakra", which was also called the circle of religion, is present in the middle of the tricolor of today's India. 40-50 feet high across all the borders of the Mauryan Empire. The Ashoka Pillar is founded by Ashoka. Ashok had also built a statue of the lion standing back and forth four times, which is a state symbol of India to this day. You can see this idol at the Sarnath Museum in India.
Buddhism of Samrat Ashoka:Due to the damage and massacre in the Kalinga war, his mind got bored with the war and he got upset about his act. To overcome this mourning, he came closer to the teachings of the Buddha and finally accepted Buddhism. After accepting Buddhism, he also tried to bring it into his life. He stopped hunting and killing animals. He also started giving free donations to ascetics of Brahmins and other sects. And for public welfare, he got the hospital, school and roads etc. constructed. He also sent missionaries to Nepal, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Syria, Egypt and Greece to propagate Buddhism.
For this purpose, he also sent his son and daughter on trips. His son Mahendra was the most successful among Ashoka's missionaries. Mahendra introduced Sri Lankan King Tis into Buddhism, and Tis made Buddhism his monarchy and inspired himself with the title of 'Devanamapriya', inspired by Ashoka. A third Buddhist association was organized in Pataliputra during Ashoka's reign, presided over by Mogali's son Tishya. The Abhidhammapitak was also composed here and Buddhist monks were sent to various countries including Ashoka's son Mahendra and daughter Sanghamitra, who were sent to Sri Lanka.
After embracing Buddhism, Ashoka pioneered his propagation. He enjoined his chief officers, Rajuk and Territorial, to propagate the discipline of their religion. For the establishment of religion, the maintenance of religion, the growth of religion and for the happiness and interests of those who practice religion, he appointed Dharma-Mahamatra. In order to propagate Buddhism, Ashoka installed many statues of Lord Buddha in his kingdom. He sent monks to study Buddhism abroad. For Buddhism abroad, Ashoka sent his son and daughter out of India under the guise of a monk. In this way, they continued to develop Buddhism. Ashoka's faith in religion shows that he did not eat anything without giving food to 1000 Brahmins.